Children's War Memorabilia Pack (1940s)
A lovingly prepared catalogue of reproduction memorabilia from the 1940s – to aid memories or just help understand the period better. This pack contains: Children’s newspaper, Boys Own magazine, Mother and child booklet, Evacuation handbill, information leaflet, variety of paperwork, food recipes, Ration Book, poster plus miscellaneous images.
The Second World War (known variously as World War 2 / Two / II or WW2 / WWII) was a truly global war, involving 100 million people from over 30 countries, which lasted from 1939 to 1945. Involving the greatest powers of the age, two opposing military forces were created - the Allies and the Axis. The major participants removed any distinction between civilian and military and diverted all their resources to winning the war. Both sides suffered massive civilian casualties and deaths - the Holocaust killed around 11 million - strategic bombing killed around 1 million – and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed between 150 and 200 thousand. Without question the deadliest conflict in history, there were between 50 and 85 million fatalities in all.
Designed to safeguard civilians (particularly children) from the aerial bombing of cities, evacuation to the lower-risk countryside took place throughout the Second World War. “Operation Pied Piper” relocated over 3.5 million people, beginning on 1 September 1939. Further evacuations were from the south and east coasts in June 1940 (as an invasion was expected) and also from major cities once the Blitz began in September 1940.
Boys' Own (or Boy's Own or Boys Own) was a type of publication – a range of at least 15 different magazines, story papers and newsletters published, for young boys in the UK and US, by any number of publishers up to the mid-20th Century. Generally fun and educational, they helped young boys grow into young men. The longest-lived of these was “Boy's Own Paper” which became a British institution - published until 1967; the phrase "real Boys Own stuff" is still a commonly used term to describe exciting adventurous activities which would not be out of place in its pages.
The UK government instituted periods of rationing several times in the 20th Century in response to shortages, usually of imported items. Under the regime, people were issued with a ration book (coupons) to exchange for produce. They had to register in advance at certain shops to redeem them, so that the shopkeeper could be provided with sufficient stock to supply its registered customers. The major incidences were during and after the two major World Wars. Rationing towards the end of the First World War made a significant contribution to the war effort and recipe books of the time demonstrated the communal spirit it engendered. When the Second World War began in 1939, the UK imported around 70% of its food and it a key aim of the enemy to attack this supply. As a result, rationing continued for nearly a decade after the war ended – finally concluding in 1954.